Australia has been popularly known as a country that is said to be an emerging giant in terms of economy and commerce. It is also a major provider of jobs and home to various industrial and technical facilities and advancements. Health-wise the country is a leading authority in terms of innovations and inventions. It has a rich history in terms of medical research and worthy discoveries that found its way to the global market.
Health Discoveries from Australia: Both Respirator and CPAP Machine
The Both brothers were notable Australians who developed and manufactured the Both respirator which helped polio victims to breathe more easily. This was during the wake of the polio epidemic in the 1930’s. Another Australian, Colin Sullivan, invented the CPAP sleep apnea control machine in 1981 which greatly helped patients to breathe correctly while sleeping.
Australia: Pioneer in Microsurgery and Development of Ultrasound Technology
Two Australian teams became popular due to their invention of the human in-vitro fertilization freezing and in greatly improving the ultrasound technology which made it a widely-used technique in the medical field. Microsurgery was also pioneered in Australia and techniques as well as trainings for surgeons were initially developed in its shores.
Penicillin: Beneficial Medicine Developed in Australia
Another worthy health innovation of Australians is the penicillin which was wholly developed by Australian researcher Howard Florey. The field of medical research is also alive and thriving in Australia with most of its results finding its way to the global marketplace. The importance of penicillin for one has benefited thousands of people from all over the world and its improvement and development has been made possible by an Australian.
Other Notable Health Innovations in Australia
Aside from the above-mentioned health innovations and advancements all throughout the history of the country, more and more recent developments have paved the way for more advanced health techniques and knowledge. One classic example is the development of various health and medical facilities in Australia and in its academe such as the innovations underway at the University of Sydney.
University of Sydney: Major Health and Medical Innovations
One of the leading authorities in terms of scientific and health advancements, the University of Sydney takes pride in its health and medical facilities which are at par with the best in the world. Some of its state-of-the-art facilities include the following:
- Sydney University Proteome Research Unit – It offers enhancement of knowledge on the role of proteins in the field of biology and science through a range of services that use specialized integrated technologies on proteomic discoveries.
- Brain & Mind Research Institute – It provides an avenue for the integration of clinical and basic neurosciences in Australia. Its activities focus on the major areas of mental health, child development disorders, dementia and multiple sclerosis as well as psychotic disorders.
- Molecular Facilities – The research facilities cater to some important areas such as Fluorescence Microscopy and NMR Spectroscopy. It is used by researchers to aid in the elucidation of new bioactive pharmacological compounds as well as for clinical trials and hospital patient monitoring.
- Gene and cell medicine facility – This facility is situated at the Kids Research Institute and referred as a state-of-the-art cell manipulation and gene therapy center. One of its main purposes is to carry out cellular therapies that will benefit children. Its use is open for industry-based researchers as well as for hospital staff utilization.
- Exercise and Sports Facilities –These facilities houses world-standard and state-of-the-art sports laboratories such as the Biomechanics Laboratory, Climate Chamber and the Delta Sleep Research Unit.
- Advanced Imaging Facility – The facility is home to modern equipment that supports research activities of the Bosch Institute and boasts of advanced imaging systems, laser capture dissection microscope and single cell imaging system, among others.
- Oxidative Stress Bioanalytical Facility- It is a core facility in consortium with the Bosch Institute and provides state-of-the-art analytical equipment and methodology to quantify reactive oxygen species in cells and tissues. Some of its modern equipment include the 8 channel coulometric electrochemical detector.
- Australian Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis (ACMM)- It has been touted as the most comprehensive and largest facility of its type in all of Australia. The center is a major contributor to the university’s research output and actively supporting microscopy and wider community through trainings and consultancy. It serves as the headquarters of the Australian Microscopy and Microanalysis Research Facility and a node of the ARC Center of Excellence for Design in Light Materials.
The rate at which Australia has manifested advancements in the field of health is phenomenal. Nevertheless, medical and health experts as well as researchers are not resting on their laurels and are continually on the prowl for advancements and innovations that aim to benefit mankind in multiple ways ever imagined.